3.1 Mathematical Words
In section 2.1, we went through important mathematical words for addition and subtraction. It is important to know what these words mean in order to solve text problems. Here below is a list of important words you should know in order to multiply and divide.

Common words for multiplication and division


Doble

Double  
Karin has six oranges and Erik has three oranges. 

Karin has double as many oranges as Erik.


Foto: Fredrik Enander

Duplicar,
doblar

To double
Keja put 10 kr in the pot doubling her wager to 20 kr.


Repartir

To divide
Konrad divided 12 pieces of candy fairly between himself and two friends.
They got 4 pieces of candy each.


Doblar,
duplicar

To double
Mr Ball has 20 kr when he began to play power and had 40 kr when he finished playing.
He had doubled his winnings.


Partir por
la mitad

To half
Gurra had a debt of 80 kronor.
Now, his debt is 40 kr. He has halved his debt. 


Mitad,
medio

Half
Fredrik has four model airplanes and Ryan has two.  Ryan has half as many model airplanes as Fredrik.


Por

Per
Three people get six mandarins which they are going to share evenly. 
They get two per person. 


Por unidad

A piece
Two peaches cost 8 kr. 
They costs 4 kronor a piece


Triple

Three times
Romeo has two roses and Don Juan has six.
Don Juan has three times as many roses as Romeo.


Cada uno

Each
Seven people get 28 apples which they are to share evenly. They get four apples each


Cada

Every
Four apples cost 20 kr.  Every apple costs 5 kr. 

Foto: Fredrik Enander

Cada cual,
cada uno
Everyone …each
Three people get twelve pears to share evenly. 
Everyone will get four each.

Foto: Fredrik Enander