3.2 Terminology
In mathematics, many words belong to the mathematical language and it is naturally important that you can and understand what the different words mean. If you understand these words, you will have it easier to understand and succeed in mathematics. Here below is a list of words which are associated with multiplication and division.

Multiplication
Sign: (∙) or (x)
Example of multiplication:
"Four multiplied by three is equal to twelve."
or
”Four times three is equal to twelve”
4 
· 
3 
= 
12 
Factor 
· 
Factor 
= 
Product 

Division
Sign: (/), (÷) or (:)
Example of division:
“Twentyfour divided by four is equal to six”
24 
÷ 
4 
= 
6 
Numerator 
÷ 
Denominator 
= 
Quotient 
(dividend) 

(divisor) 



Words that can mean multiplication: 
The words which mean to divide: 
• times
•
calculate the product

• "divide"
• calculate the quotient
• How many times does the number x go into the number y? 