Åk 6–9
 
English/Español

3.1 Mathematical Words
In mathematics many expressions are used that are important to understand.  Here is a list of the commonly used basic mathematical words along with helpful examples.


Quantity

There are 20 pieces of candy on the table.  The quantity of pieces is 20.


Foto: Fredrik Enander

Both

Conrad and Joseph are friends.  Both have skateboards.


Single digit

5 is a single digit number since it only contains one digit.


More - Most

Paul has 3 balls.
George has 7 balls.
Jasmine has 8 balls.
Jasmine has more balls than Paul and George
.

Jasmine has the most balls.

Fewer than

George buys 5 pieces of gum.
Liza buys 3 pieces of gum.

Liza buys fewer pieces of gum than George.

How many

How many lemons are there in this picture?

Answer: There are 3 lemons in this picture. 

Foto: Fredrik Enander

Consecutive 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
The numbers are in consecutive order.  The least number comes first. 

Even 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14...are even numbers.

As many as

There are as many limes as strawberries.


Foto: Fredrik Enander

Between 7 is a number between 6 and 8.
2 is a number between 1 and 3.

Less than ” <” 2 < 9
2 is less than 9.

Least 3, 11, 9, 1, 24, 7
1 is the least number in this row.

Nearest after

31 comes closest after  30.
256 comes nearest after 255.


Nearest before 56 comes closest before  57.
3 comes nearest before  4.

Digit sum The digit sum is the sum of all the digits that are contained in a certain number. 

The digit sum of the number 175 is
1 + 7 + 5 = 13

Size

3, 45, 71, 135, 182, 399, 780
The numbers are order according to size.


Greater than  ”>” 7 > 3
7 is greater than 3.

Greatest 23 42 9 2 89 15
89 is the greatest number in the row.

Three digit 702 is a three digit number because it contains 3 digits.

Two digit 23 is a two digit number because it contains 2 digits.

Odd

1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15...are examples of odd numbers.


Every other

Every other square is colored.


Equal two "=" 4 + 3 = 3 + 4
Four plus three are equal to three plus four.